Using stat_summary to add a statistics layer to ggplot2 figures

April 7, 2021 • PD Schloss • 3 min read

Code

This is where we started before the episode

library(tidyverse)
library(readxl)
library(glue)
library(ggtext)

metadata <- read_excel(path="raw_data/schubert.metadata.xlsx", na="NA") %>%
  mutate(disease_stat = factor(disease_stat,
                               levels=c("NonDiarrhealControl",
                                        "DiarrhealControl",
                                        "Case")
                               )
  )

alpha_diversity <- read_tsv("raw_data/schubert.groups.ave-std.summary") %>%
  filter(method == "ave") %>%
  select(-label, -method)

metadata_alpha <- inner_join(metadata, alpha_diversity,
                             by=c('sample_id'='group')
                             )

healthy_color <- "#BEBEBE"
diarrhea_color <- "#0000FF"
case_color <- "#FF0000"

invsimpson_summary <- metadata_alpha %>%
  group_by(disease_stat) %>%
  summarize(mean = mean(invsimpson),
            se = sd(invsimpson) / sqrt(n()),
            max = mean+se,
            min = mean-se,
            N=n(),
            .groups= "drop")

healthy_n <- invsimpson_summary %>%
  filter(disease_stat == "NonDiarrhealControl") %>%
  pull(N)

diarrhea_n <- invsimpson_summary %>%
  filter(disease_stat == "DiarrhealControl") %>%
  pull(N)

case_n <- invsimpson_summary %>%
  filter(disease_stat == "Case") %>%
  pull(N)

invsimpson_summary %>%
  ggplot(aes(x=disease_stat, y=mean, ymin=min, ymax=max, fill=disease_stat)) +
  geom_errorbar(width=0.5) +
  geom_col(show.legend=FALSE) +
  labs(x=NULL,
       y="Inverse Simpson Index") +
  scale_x_discrete(breaks=c("NonDiarrhealControl","DiarrhealControl","Case"),
                   labels=c(glue("Healthy<br>(N={healthy_n})"),
                            glue("Diarrhea and<br>*C.difficile* negative<br>\\
                                 (N={diarrhea_n})"),
                            glue("Diarrhea and<br>*C.difficile* positive<br>\\
                                 (N={case_n})"))
                   ) +
  scale_fill_manual(name=NULL,
                     breaks=c("NonDiarrhealControl","DiarrhealControl","Case"),
                     labels=c("Healthy",
                              "Diarrhea and<br>*C.difficile* negative",
                              "Diarrhea and<br>*C.difficile* positive"),
                     values=c(healthy_color, diarrhea_color, case_color)) +
  theme_classic() +
  theme(axis.text.x = element_markdown())

ggsave("schubert_diversity.tiff", width=4.5, height=3.5)

Installations

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